How to Become a Government School Teacher

Is becoming a teacher your dream? To be a government school teacher is a noble and fulfilling career path. Not only do you get to shape young minds, but you also secure a stable and respected position in society. In this blog, we will discuss about 10 ways on how to become government school teacher.

Basic eligibility criteria to become a govt. teacher

How to become government teacher? Usually a Bachelor’s degree in education (B.Ed) is required. But the specific qualifications might differ on the basis of the region and the level of teaching.

  • There is generally an age limit of 21 years to 40 years to apply for government teaching jobs. Make sure to check the specific age criteria for your region as it might vary region to region. 
  • If you are opting for a specific region then there might be a requirement of proficiency in the regional language. 

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Now, you may ask what is the qualification for government teacher? After checking and meeting the eligibility criteria, the next step is to pursue relevant courses. Such as:

  1. Diploma in Education (D.Ed): A two-year course after your 12th standard, preparing you to teach at the primary level.
  1. Bachelor of Education (B.Ed): A two-year degree course after graduation, necessary for teaching at secondary and higher secondary levels.
  1. Master of Education (M.Ed): If you are planning to move a step further, you can also do M.Ed, which allows you to take up administrative roles in the future.

(Also read: Strategies to Become an Effective Teacher)

Clearing the necessary examinations

How to become government teacher? Anyone who desires to become a government teacher should appear for the Teacher Eligibility Tests conducted by India’s central and state government. The entrance exams which are conducted by both central and state government for the post of government school teacher are listed below-

(Also read: 10 Aptitude Tests That Determine Your Career as a Teacher)

TET: It comprises two levels of tests (Prelims and Mains), and it is for the teaching job postings of India’s state and central governments. 

CTET: Stands for Central Teacher Eligibility Test is for those who apply for teaching posts in the central government of India.

STET: It stands for State Teacher Eligibility Test is for those who apply for teaching posts in the state government. 

NET: This is for applying to universities and colleges in India for the post of assistant professor.

Different levels of teaching posts in India

How to become government teacher? In India, the teaching posts are divided into primary (1st-5th grade), secondary (6th-10th grade), and higher secondary (11th-12th grade) levels.

The qualifications for these roles vary, starting from a D.Ed. for primary to a Master’s degree with B.Ed. for higher secondary teachers. This structure helps in ensuring that teachers are specialized according to the educational levels. 

1. Pre primary teacher

How to become government teacher? Teachers recruitment for this category is for the teachers who teach classes starting from LKG to 1st standard. Teachers of this category should handle students between the age of 3 to 5.

2. Primary teacher

Teachers of this category teach from classes 1 to 5. To become a primary teacher, one has to complete B.Ed. graduation with more than 50%. Pre-primary and primary teachers do not need to specialize in specific subjects.

Their salary range is from 10,000 to 30,000 INR. Therefore, there are many primary teacher vacancies available in government schools.

3. Trained graduate teacher

A trained graduate teacher can teach specialized subjects to the students of classes 6 to 8. They should have completed B.Ed graduation with more than 60% to become TGT. their salary ranges from 40,000 to 50,000 INR.

4. Post graduate teacher

Post Graduate Teachers can teach the students in classes 9 to 12 along with specializations in a specific subject. They should have completed a postgraduate degree with more than 60% marks. Their salary ranges from 50,000 to 90,000 INR.

How to apply for jobs

How to become government teacher? If you have successfully met all the qualifications and have experience in hand, you are ready to apply for government teaching jobs. Here are a few pointers to keep in mind if you really wish to become a government teacher:

  • Keep an eye on job notifications released by the state or central government.
  • Build a resume in which you must highlight your qualifications and experience.
  • Keep yourself prepared for the interview process, where you can showcase your skills and passion for teaching.

Continuous learning and growth

There are many career growth opportunities available once you get into the field of government teaching jobs. If you are determined and upskill yourself in this field, you may get promoted as an assistant teacher, senior teacher, headmaster, or principal. 

The vacancies for teachers in government schools are made every year, and getting into the dream teaching job requires constant effort. The minimum qualification, information about the entrance exams and different levels of government teaching jobs are clearly explained above.


After you become a government teacher, you can see various growth opportunities, as mentioned with your consistent hard work. Now that you know what is the qualification for government teacher, you can start preparing for your future job role. All the best!

How to become a government school teacher FAQs

Q1. Are there any specific exams to clear to become a government teacher?

A1. Yes, exams like Teacher Eligibility Tests like TET or CTET to qualify for a government teaching job. 

Q2. How to become government teacher?

A2. You need to have at least a Bachelor’s degree and a B.Ed. degree, but this can vary depending on the specific teaching post and the region in India.

Q3. Is teaching experience required to apply for government school teaching jobs?

A3. This is not a mandatory requirement, but having teaching experience can give you preference over other candidates during the selection process. 

Q4. How to stay updated with job notifications for government school teacher positions?

A4. Subscribe to job portals, follow official websites of the education department, and join social media groups or forums to stay updated. 

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